How to Cite

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How do I cite this in a bibliography?

The citation information found at the bottom of entries is intended to serve as an aid to writing a works cited list, bibliography, or list of references. How you cite a work in a paper depends on the style you use. Below you will find examples of the most common citation styles.

Modern Language Association (MLA) Style
The Modern Language Association (MLA) was founded in 1883 as an organization devoted to furthering the study and teaching of language and literature. MLA style is widely used by high schools, colleges, and publishing houses.

The following is what our editors have determined to be the MLA works cited format appropriate for this online reference. We suggest that you consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th ed., or talk to your librarian for more information on writing your works cited list.

Format:
Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of the article." Title the overall website. Publisher or sponsor of the site. Medium of publication consulted. Date of access. <Source URL>.

Example:
Manser, Martin H. "Checking for Consistency." Writer's Reference Center. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 8 July 2010. <http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=0000&iPin=GTGW015&SingleRecord=True>.

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)
The Chicago Manual of Style was first published in 1906 by the University of Chicago Press. During its more than 100 years of existence, the manual has evolved into an authoritative voice for authors, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers.

The following is what our editors have determined to be the Chicago bibliographic citation appropriate for this online reference. We suggest that you consult The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., or talk to your librarian for more information on writing your bibliography.

Format:
Author Last Name, Author First Name. "Title of the article." Title of the overall website. Publisher or sponsor of the site. URL with record ID (access date).

Example:
Manser, Martin H. "Checking for Consistency." Writer's Reference Center. Facts On File, Inc. http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=0000&iPin=GTGW015&SingleRecord=True (accessed July 8, 2010).

American Psychological Association (APA) Style
American Psychological Association (APA) style is based on a 1928 meeting of editors of anthropological and psychological journals to determine best practices for the production of journal manuscripts. APA style is largely used by those writing and publishing in the behavioral and social sciences.

The following is what our editors have determined to be the APA citation appropriate for an entry from this online reference. When you use the citation in your bibliography, APA requires that you indent the turnover lines. We suggest that you consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., or talk to your librarian for more information on writing your list of references.

Format:
Author Last Name, Author First Initial. Title of the article. In Title of the overall website. Retrieved from URL with record ID

Example:
Manser, M. H. Checking for consistency. In Writer's reference center. Retrieved from http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=0000&iPin=GTGW015&SingleRecord=True

Footnote Citations
Footnote citations vary slightly from bibliographic citations but contain many of the same elements (for example, author's name, publisher information). Consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, The Chicago Manual of Style, or the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for details.

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